UTC: Wednesday, February 22nd, 2017

Intro to Organic Chemistry Class Learning Objectives and Test Study Guide

INTRO TO ORGANIC CHEMISTRY LEARNING OBJECTIVES

The specific learning objectives for each topic in the Organic course are listed here. These learning objectives should be used as a study guide for the Organic tests on each topic.


Study guide for Organic test on TOPIC 1 Nomenclature


The following list is a GUIDE to what you should study in order to be prepared for the Organic test on TOPIC 1. In order to be fully prepared you should seek help if required, refer to the relevant chapter in the textbook and review ALL relevant notes, homework, worksheets, classwork and other materials


ALL students should;

  • understand what is meant by the term homologous series
  • understand, and be able to apply, the rules of systematic nomenclature for compounds relevant to this syllabus

Study guide for Organic test on TOPIC 2 Isomerism


The following list is a GUIDE to what you should study in order to be prepared for the Organic test on TOPIC 2. In order to be fully prepared you should seek help if required, refer to the relevant chapter in the textbook and review ALL relevant notes, homework, worksheets, classwork and other materials


ALL students should;

  • be able to recognize and predict the existence of structural isomerism, including chain, positional and functional group isomerism
  • be able to recognize and predict the existence of stereoisomerism , including geometric and optical isomerism

Study guide for Organic test on TOPIC 3 Reaction Mechanisms


The following list is a GUIDE to what you should study in order to be prepared for the Organic test on TOPIC 3. In order to be fully prepared you should seek help if required, refer to the relevant chapter in the textbook and review ALL relevant notes, homeworks, worksheets, classwork and other materials


ALL students should;

  • recall the following reaction mechanisms together with reagents and general conditions for the reactions shown in brackets and similar allied reactions;
    • homolytic, free radical substitution (alkanes with chlorine and other halogens)
    • heterolytic, electrophilic addition (to alkenes with halogens and hydrogen halides)
    • heterolytic, nucleophilic substitution (halogenoalkanes with hydroxide and cyanide ions (SN1 and SN2)
    • heterolytic, electrophilic substitution (nitration, alkylation and acylation of benzene)
  • use the convention of a curly arrows to represent movement of electrons

Study guide for Organic test on TOPIC 4 Reactions


The following list is a GUIDE to what you should study in order to be prepared for the Organic test on TOPIC 4. In order to be fully prepared you should seek help if required, refer to the relevant chapter in the textbook and review ALL relevant notes, homework, worksheets, classwork and other materials


ALL students should;

  • 1. be able to recall the reagents and conditions for the elimination of hydrogen halides from halogenoalkanes
  • 2. be able to recall the reagents and conditions for the hydrolysis of halogenoalkanes
  • 3. be able to recall the reagents and conditions for the formation of esters from carboxylic acids and alcohols and their subsequent hydrolysis
  • 4. be able to recall the reagents and conditions for the oxidation of primary alcohols, via aldehydes, to carboxylic acids and of secondary alcohols to ketones
  • 5. be able to recall the reagents and conditions for the reduction of carboxylic acids to primary alcohols, via aldehydes, and of ketones to secondary alcohols
  • 6. be able to recall the reagents and conditions for the substitution reactions of alkanes with halogens
  • 7. be able to recall the reagents and conditions for the addition reactions of alkenes (to include unsymmetrical alkenes and Markovnikov’s rule) with halogens, hydrogen halides and concentrated sulfuric acid
  • 8. be able to recall the reagents and conditions for the reactions of alcohols with dehydrating agents
  • 9. be able to recall the reagents and conditions for the reactions of alcohols with halogenating agents
  • 10. be able to recall the reagents and conditions for the reaction of primary amines with hydrogen ions
  • 11. be able to recall the reagents and conditions for the reaction of carboxylic acids with halogenating agents
  • 12. be able to recall the reagents and conditions for the reaction of arenes with nitrating mixture
  • 13. be able to recall the reagents and conditions for the of arenes with chloroalkanes and acid chlorides in the presence of anhydrous aluminum chloride
  • 14. be able to recall the reagents and conditions for the oxidation of arene alkyl side chains with potassium manganate (VII)
  • 15. be able to recall the reagents and conditions for the reactions of halogeno-compounds with cyanide ions & ammonia
  • 16. be able to recall the reagents and conditions for the reactions of halogeno-compounds with magnesium to form Grignard reagents and hence the formation of alcohols and carboxylic acids
  • 17. be able to recall the reagents and conditions for the reaction of ethanoyl chloride with water, alcohols, ammonia and primary amines
  • 18. be able to recall the reagents and conditions for the reaction of nitriles towards acid hydrolysis
  • 19. be able to recall the reagents and conditions for the reaction of nitriles towards reducing agents
  • 20. be able to recall the reagents and conditions for the reaction of amides with phosphorus(V) oxide
  • 21. be able to recall the reagents and conditions for the reaction of amides with bromine in aqueous alkali

Study guide for Organic test on TOPIC 5 Structure Determination


The following list is a GUIDE to what you should study in order to be prepared for the Organic test on TOPIC 5. In order to be fully prepared you should seek help if required, refer to the relevant chapter in the textbook and review ALL relevant notes, homework, worksheets, classwork and other materials


ALL students should;

  • be able to interpret physical and chemical data to arrive at a structural formula of an organic compound
  • be able to interpret simple infra-red spectra
  • be able to interpret simple 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra
  • be able to interpret simple mass spectra

Study guide for Organic test on TOPIC 6 Synthesis


The following list is a GUIDE to what you should study in order to be prepared for the Organic test on TOPIC 6. In order to be fully prepared you should seek help if required, refer to the relevant chapter in the textbook and review ALL relevant notes, homework, worksheets, classwork and other materials


ALL students should;

  • be able to propose pathways for the synthesis of organic molecules using the reactions in TOPIC 4 above
  • be able demonstrate familiarity with a range of practical techniques, propose suitable apparatus, conditions and safety precautions used in organic chemistry and to relate them to the reactions in TOPIC 4 above