UTC: Sunday, November 19th, 2017

AP NOTES

AP CHEMISTRY NOTES

Each of UNITS 1-6 listed below has a title, defined by me, that is designed to encapsulate the content of each of the six Big Ideas as defined by the College Board in their Course and Exam Description for AP Chemistry.

In addition to UNITS 1-6, in UNIT 0 I have included topic areas that I feel are necessary for the foundation of an AP Chemistry course, but that are not formally included in the Big Ideas. These are some of the ideas that would normally be addressed in a traditional, first year chemistry course.

Each topic within each unit has a title (shown in green below) that is my interpretation of each of the Enduring Understandings and Essential Knowledge statements defined by the College Board.

Within each topic there are references to each one of the 117 Learning Objectives, also defined by the College Board.

PLEASE NOTE: These materials are likely to be in ‘draft’ form for a little while! What I mean by that is that as the course matures, more information becomes available via published exams and other sources, new emphasis comes to light from both external sources and my own mind, and as I teach the new AP course, there will be significant tweaking to reflect all of these new ideas. It won’t be until the course has been taught for a number of years that the materials become stable and mature. I think that the constant reflection and review is a good thing, and that the evolution will make the materials increasingly strong and increasingly useful. In that light and that spirit, please do not hesitate to contact me with comments. To help you to keep track of the tweaks there are a few things that you can do;

  • Note the time-stamps shown below, of the most updated versions of the PDF files, and check to see that the document you are referencing has a matching time-stamp (the time-stamp can be found in the footer of the PDF file).
  • Follow me on Twitter and the site’s Facebook page for the latest updates about the site and materials.

You can expect more significant changes each summer, after another exam has been released, and as I reflect upon the work of the previous year. These updates usually take place between Memorial Day and August 1st each year, and then the materials ‘settle’ somewhat for the majority of the school year.


UNIT 0: AP CHEMISTRY PREAMBLE (07/31/2016 5:03 PM)

TOPIC 0A: Chemistry, Scientific Method and Chemical & Physical Change

TOPIC 0B: Measurement

TOPIC 0C: Atomic Theory

TOPIC 0D: Nomenclature


UNIT 1: ATOMS, ELEMENTS AND PERIODICITY (08/31/2016 4:57 PM)

BIG IDEA 1

The chemical elements are fundamental building materials of matter, and all matter can be understood in terms of arrangements of atoms. These atoms retain their identity in chemical reactions.

TOPIC 1A: Atoms and The Elements

TOPIC 1B: Electrons

TOPIC 1C: The Periodic Table & Periodicity

TOPIC 1D: Mass Spectrometry and Spectroscopy

TOPIC 1E: Conservation of Atoms


UNIT 2: CHEMICAL BONDING (08/02/2016 2:41 PM)

BIG IDEA 2

Chemical and physical properties of materials can be explained by the structure and the arrangement of atoms, ions, or molecules and the forces between them.

TOPIC 2A: States of Matter and Solutions

TOPIC 2B: Intermolecular Forces

TOPIC 2C: Intra Bonding

TOPIC 2D: Bonding and Properties of Solids


UNIT 3: CHEMICAL REACTIONS AND ENERGY CHANGES (08/09/2017 5:35 PM)

BIG IDEA 3

Changes in matter involve the rearrangement and/or reorganization of atoms and/or the transfer of electrons.

TOPIC 3A: Chemical Reactions

TOPIC 3B: Types of Chemical Reaction

TOPIC 3C: Energy Changes & Electrochemistry


UNIT 4: CHEMICAL KINETICS (08/02/2016 5:45 PM)

BIG IDEA 4

Rates of chemical reactions are determined by details of the molecular collisions.

TOPIC 4A: Factors Affecting Rates

TOPIC 4B: Collision Theory

TOPIC 4C: Reaction Mechanisms

TOPIC 4D: Catalysts


UNIT 5: CHEMICAL THERMODYNAMICS (01/04/2017 7:33 AM)

BIG IDEA 5

The laws of thermodynamics describe the essential role of energy and explain and predict the direction of changes in matter.

TOPIC 5A: Heat, Temperature and Kinetic Energy

TOPIC 5B: Work, Calorimetry and Conservation of Energy

TOPIC 5C: Breaking and Making Chemical Bonds

TOPIC 5D: Physical and Chemical Changes and Bonding

TOPIC 5E: Enthalpy, Entropy and Free Energy


UNIT 6: CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIUM (02/23/2017 4:48 PM)

BIG IDEA 6

Any bond or intermolecular attraction that can be formed can be broken. These two processes are in a dynamic competition, sensitive to initial conditions and external perturbations.

TOPIC 6A: Equilibrium

TOPIC 6B: Le Châtelier’s Principle

TOPIC 6C: Acid-Base Equilibria

TOPIC 6D: Free Energy and Equilibrium